District Profile

District Profile

Assam, which is well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata times has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forest. Assam is the gateway to the northeastern part of India viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. These states are connected to rest of India via Assam’s Border with West Bengal and a narrow strip called the “Chicken’s Neck”. Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. It spans around 78, 438 sq. km. and population over 3,11,69,272 (Census 2011). The mighty Brahmaputra River that has its origins in Tibet flows through the state.

Assam is a multihazard state prone to floods, earthquake, storms and landslide besides manmade disasters. It falls under seismic zone V making the entire state prone to earthquake of moderate to very high intensity. Also the state faces acute flood & erosion problem. Assam has a history of disasters ranging from large earthquake to severe floods. This has impeded the development gains of the state by many times.

Therefore, to sustain the pace of development initiative by minimizing losses, the Government of Assam envisages building a State Prepared and Disaster Resilient.

Vulnerability Analysis

Silchar is the third largest city of Assam in terms of population and municipal area after Guwahati and Dibrugarh City. During the British rule, ships were docked at the bank of the "River Barak" so a market developed at the bank and became a major place of economic activity. The bank was covered with stones to help dock ships and vessels, and the market developed at a place which was fully covered with stones. People started to refer to the place as "Shiler Chor", meaning a bank of stone. Gradually "Shiler Chor" became "Silchar" for linguistic simplification and, later on, British officials started to use "Silchar".

In 1833 Silchar served as the headquarters of the British. In 1850 the first polo club in the world was set up in Silchar. In 1899 Silchar was brought into the Indian Railway map by the Assam Bengal Railway.

Silchar city is located in 24.49' North and 92.48' East with an area of 15.75 sq. km and 28 wards. Bound by Barail Hills falls to the north, Mizo hills to the south, Manipur to the east and Hailakandi, Karimganj & Bangladesh to the West the city plays role of major hub for the entire Barak valley.